An electronic throttle control actuator is responsible for metering air flow into the engine which controls engine speed. A throttle control sensor located near the foot pedal supplies feedback data to the computer which activates the actuator. The throttle control system is integrated into the ABS, cruise control and traction control systems. In older vehicles throttle action was performed by a manually controlled throttle cable which is actuated by the driver's right foot.
Today’s vehicles are made up of a number of systems working together in harmony. It would be impossible to remove one of these systems (fuel, for example) and still have a car that drives. So while you can’t necessarily say the car electrical system is the “most important,” it does come pretty close — especially as the technology veers toward a hybrid and electric future. Here is a quick overview of electrical system components and a look into how conventional gas engine-powered vehicles use electricity.
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